Photography Tips and Techniques Every Photographer Should Know

Photography Tips and Techniques


Are you getting started with photography or are already in the hobby, but needs to take things up a notch? Then, what you need is to know how professionals capture and create the best photographs. Here are some tips and techniques that will help you take stunning pictures that you always wanted:


  • Being Quick


If it is highly possible that your subject might move, fly away or stop smiling as they easily get tired of waiting for the picture to be taken, then make it a habit to shoot right away. This might take practice, but by doing so, you will be able to get quicker to the draw. It is not necessary to be absolutely certain that everything is in the correct position—just shoot and shoot without worrying that you are taking too many photos. As an expert photographer said, you should shoot first and ask questions later.


  • Maintaining an Eye Level


As in real life, making direct eye contact is also engaging in photography, so when taking a picture of a person, it is best to hold the camera at your subject’s eye level to get those great smiles along with those attractive gazes. When it comes to children as subjects, this would mean to also stoop to their level. In essence, an eye level angle would create an inviting and personal feeling that will the subject into the picture.


  • Being Selective


Determine what you are really interested in and then focus on getting the best pictures of the subject, whether it is a place, culture, wildlife or lifestyle. Then, make sure to keep anything that would create a distraction out of the picture by watching the borders, which refer to the edges of the view that you see through your camera’s viewfinder. If something that is distracting the picture hangs into it, then you might want to recompose the photo.


  • Watching for the Light


This does not mean that you have to look into the sun or any light sources while you shoot, but rather, you have to pay attention what form of light you will be working with. This can include knowing which way the shadows will be falling and how the light is affecting your subject. Keep in mind that this technique would work well if you love working with bold colors for your subjects. For example, you should know that side lighting will be able to add drama, though it can also cause extreme contrasts that are difficult to print, and that indirect lighting can be used to make your subjects glow pretty and soft.


  • Knowing the Range of Your Flash


One of the biggest mistakes you could make when using flash is taking photos beyond the range of your camera’s flash, as pictures taken in this manner will be too dark. As for many cameras on the market today, their maximum flash range is less than 15 feet. This means that you should know your camera’s flash range by look it up in its manual. If you do not know it exactly, then it is best not to take chances and position yourself close to your subject—about no farther than 10 feet away. You can also extend flash range by using a versatility plus film.


  • Using Flash in Outdoor Shoots


Always remember that the bright sun can create unappealing deep facial shadows. Fortunately, you can get rid of these shadows by using your flash to lighten your subject’s face when shooting, so always remember to turn your flash on when taking pictures of people during sunny days. You can have the options of using the fill-flash or full-flash mode, depending on your situation, where the former would be ideal if your subject is within 5 feet and the latter if your subject is beyond such a distance from you.


  • Using a Plain Background


A background is important in showing off your subject, and using a plain one can produce better results. So, when you look through your camera’s viewfinder, make sure you examine the area that surrounds your subject, trying to see that there are no obstructions at their sides or behind them.


  • Moving in Close


If your subject is small, then you can move in closer to it or zoom in before taking the picture. The objective here is to fill the picture area with your subject, and up close, you will be able to reveal telling details that are important for his/her look. However, you should also avoid getting too close or you will have blurry photos. For most cameras, the closest focusing distance is usually about 3 feet or about a step away from the camera.


  • Experimenting with Your Camera’s Shutter Speed


One of the most basic and fun, yet overlooked, features of modern cameras is catching a split second or slowing down the time. As you can see, there are images that happen so slowly and there are also others that happen so quickly in real time that you would not notice it. This is why you should experiment with shutter speed. For example, you can use slow shutter speeds when shooting a stream and use fast shutter speeds to capture objects in motion.


  • Locking the Focus


In situations that your subjects are not at the center of the photographs, then it is important to lock your camera’s focus to create sharper pictures. While most auto-focus cameras are able to focus on whatever is in the center of a photo, you would sometimes want to move your subject away from the center, which can create a blurred picture. To avoid this, you should first lock the focus with the subject at the center and then recompose the photo to make the subject away from the middle. You can lock the focus by: centering the subject and then pressing and holding the shutter button halfway down; repositioning your camera so the subject will be away from the center, while still holding the shutter button; and then pressing the shutter button all the way down to take the photo.


  • Taking Some Vertical Pictures


If you never turn your camera sideways to take vertical pictures, then you should try doing so, as many types of things look better in a vertical picture, such as towers or subjects who are jumping. So, the next time you are out, try turning your camera sideways and take some vertical photos.


  • Being a Picture Director


This means that you should take control of your shoots and observe the pictures you have taken dramatically improve—stop being just a passive camera person. This can include being in-charge of the things needed while you are taking pictures.


Aside from these tips and tricks, it is also important to keep things simple. While you may wish to have all the advanced settings available to try and get the best results, you can also learn to do a simple set-up that would work best for most situations. Keep in mind that creating beautiful pictures generally requires nothing more than a bit of thought. Of course, you need to have decent camera and equipment, but these alone would not capture beautiful photographs. Every time you are shooting, take the time to think clearly about what you are trying to capture or create to get the best results.